Dental microscope as a useful tool to detect foramina in the furcation and pulp chamber floor of permanent teeth

Leandro José Corrêa Harb, Carine Weber Pires, Tathiane Larissa Lenzi, Fernanda Lavarda Ramos de Souza, Maria Gabriela Pereira de Carvalho, Carlos Alexandre Souza Bier, Katia Olmedo Braun


This study assessed the influence of evaluation methods in the occurrence of foramina in the pulp chamber floor and in the furcation area of molars with complete and incomplete root formation. Methodology: A sample of 360 sound mandibular permanent molars was selected and prepared. A single experienced operator evaluated the whole sample using two methods: clinical inspection (with the naked eye) and dental microscope (at 30x magnification). Chisquare test was used to compare the detection of foramina between evaluation methods in both regions (p<0.05). Results: A limited number of specimens with foramina in the pulp chamber floor was observed, while there were more teeth with foramina in the furcation area, according both methods. The dental microscope identified significantly more molars with foramina in the furcation (p=0.000) and in the pulp chamber floor (p=0.031) than the clinical inspection. Conclusions: The presence of foramina in the furcation region is substantially greater than in the pulp chamber floor, regardless of the evaluation method. The presence of foramina is not influenced by the rhizogenesis stage. The dental microscope is an excellent tool to view dental anatomical details.

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