“In vitro” wear behavior of extracoronal precision attachments

Elken Gomes Rivaldo, Wellington Cardoso Bonachela, Paulo Henrique Orlato Rossetti, Luis Carlos da Fontoura Frasca


The objective of this study was to evaluate the retentive ability and weight change of two extracoronal attachments after repeated insertion/removal cycles. Material and methods: Two extracoronal attachments were used, one with plastic inserts and the other one with conventional metal-alloy. Initial retentive ability was checked under a 20kgf load cell at 5mm/min. The weight of the fixed/removable pairs was verified with an electronic mass comparator. Fixed/removable pairs were tested with an insertion/removal cycling machine, for 5800 cycles (corresponding to 5 years) at a speed of 32 rpm speed. Insertion/ removal cycles were performed under artificial saliva. Weight change and retentive ability of attachments were verified at baseline, six-month, one-year, two-year, three-year, four-year and five-year time intervals. The two-way ANOVA for repeated measurements test was used to verify possible interactions between precision attachment type and retentive ability/weight change over time. Statistically significant associations were found between attachment type and retentive ability over time (P=0.006). Metal-alloy group showed significant differences between baseline and first year (P=0.005), baseline and second year (P=0.001), and between baseline and five years (P=0.035) of insertion/removal cycles. In the plastic insert group, no significant differences were found over time. No statistically significant associations were found between precision attachment types and weight change over time (P=0.643). Initial retentive ability can not be standardized for both attachments; the metal-alloy showed better performance than the plastic insert after five years. Both attachments did not show weight change after five years of simulated use.

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