Cri-du-Chat syndrome: conservative dental treatment in an 8-year old child

Joanna Pereira Tatith, Renata Schlesner Oliveira, Daniele Lindemann, Fernando Borba de Araújo, Jonas Almeida Rodrigues


he aim of this article was to report the case of an 8-year old patient with Cri-du-Chat syndrome (CdCS) referred to the pediatric dental clinic for urgent dental treatment. The chief complaints were a traumatic injury to both permanent maxillary central incisors and difficulty performing oral hygiene. The patient was extremely cooperative during clinical evaluation, demonstrating ability to withstand conservative treatment options. Dental examination revealed accentuated overjet, carious lesions, and very poor oral hygiene. Clinical and radiographic evaluations were necessary to diagnose and determine treatment strategies for the traumatic injuries, carious lesions, and gingivitis, which were implemented over a total of five dental visits. Outcomes of the treatment strategies adopted are described. This case report illustrates the variety of clinical findings that pediatric dentists may encounter in the oral cavity and face of patients with CdCS and the problems that these alterations may cause. When faced with a CdCS patient, dentists should try to provide the best treatment possible and prioritize the use of conservative techniques.

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